This post was most recently updated on April 23rd, 2019

Nails Anatomy : Let me start by telling you this short story. My nails are the most precious part of my body. Do you know why? I guess you don’t. well let me tell you today. It is the most precious part because it is the only part i pay so much attention to, Simply put, i worship my nails (lol)

Growing healthy looking beautiful nails takes time and dedication to be honest with you but when one is abreast with the right measures coupled with the right understanding of the entire nail anatomy, getting that pretty long nail would seem more like a work over.

Read Also : Nail Cuticle Problems, Causes, Prevention And Care

Well without wasting much of your precious time, lets quickly run through what nails entails, its anatomy and some related terms associated with it.

What Are Nails?

Nails are scale-like substances that are hard and usually found at the top end of the finger tip of most primate. (primates consist of groups of related mammals such as humans, apes etc.)

Read Also : Grow Healthy Natural Nails In 2019 With This Actionable Steps

For us to have a clearer understanding of the term Nails, lets quickly look out what Wikipedia is saying about it.

According to the free encyclopedia Wikipedia, It describes Nails as an horn-like material more like an envelope covering the tips of finger and toes in most primate.

Having known this, it is imperative to state also that this hard strong scale-like or hornlike material is made up of Alpha-Keratin  (Alpha-keratin is a special type of keratin found hair’s, horns and nails in most primates)

Read Also : Guide On How To Apply Cuticle Cream The Right Way

Nails Anatomy, Nail Structures, Nail Growth And Patterns In Humans

Nails which are a very important part of the human body tends to follow some certain patterns of growth called Nail growth patterns.

These nail growth patterns helps us to identify the average rate of nail growth in the human body.

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For example, the average nail growth has been quoted to be between the range of 2-3 mm per month and grows from the root to the free edge in 6 months.

Why this might sound weird, it is right to say that not all our nails grow at the same pace.

Some takes time to grow while others does not.

For example, in an experiment carried out by Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine on Nail growth,

Read Also : 12 Natural Home Remedies For Nail Growth

It was reported that nails tends to grow faster during the summer than in winter in young adults between the age of 10-25 and much more slower in infants and aged people.

The experiment also proved that the middle finger shows average growth in both hands while the index finger shows minimum growth rate in both ends.

Read Also : How To Get Long Nails In One Week In 2019

Nail growth in male is a bit slower than that of female. In male, the higher growth rate is been attributed to the right hand while the higher growth rate for toes is on the left leg.

In females, growth rate for toes are higher on the right while growth rate for finger nails are higher on the left.

Nails Anatomy : Do Nails in finger and Toe grows at the same pace?

No dear, fingernails and toenails don’t grow at the same rate, they grow at different pace. Fingernails grows up to four times (4 X) faster than toenails.

Nails in general grows at an average of 2-3 mm a month in human.

Read More : 35 Nail Care Materials Every Manicurist And Pedicurist Should Have

In a nutshell, fingernails requires 3-6 months to attain full growth from the scratch while toenails requires approximately 12-18 months.

although, actual growth rate maybe dependent upon some certain factors such as age, gender, season, diet etc.

What Then Can Hinder The Growth Rate In Nails?

Growth rate of nails can be affected by so many factors, it can be affected by

Read Also : Long Nail Beds And Its Importance To Nail Growth

  • Habitual Nail biting
  • By Trauma
  • By Application of chemicals

What Then Can I Do To Improve Nail Growth?

Consistent manicure at least once in a week coupled with coconut oil can speed the growth of nails.

The coconut oil should be massaged gently around the Nail cuticle everyday for about a month for effective results.

Read Also : How To Grow Nails Fast In 1 Hour In 2019

The manicure exercise should be done once in a week for about a month after which you stop cutting the nails follow by habitual greasing the nail cuticle with coconut oil.

When you do this religiously, you’ll be amazed at the result.

PS : Generally, from all that you’ve read or probably seen, we won’t be wrong to say that Nail growth in humans varies.

The rate at which growth occurs in finger nails is much more faster than that of toe nails.

Read Also : Which Fingernail Grows The Fastest ?

Nail Pathology

Topically, the structure of the nails is such that bears all the necessary six parts necessary for nail growth.

Nails Anatomy, Nail Structures, Nail Growth And Patterns

Nails Anatomy, Nail Structures, Nail Growth And Patterns

Parts Of The Nail And Their Functions

Parts of the nails includes the root, nail bed, nail plate, eponychium, paronychium, and hyponychium.

Read Also : Benefits Of Keeping Longer Nails

Nails Anatomy, Nail Structures, Nail Growth And Patterns

Nails Anatomy, Nail Structures, Nail Growth And Patterns

                                                                                   Photo credits : Wikipedia

Nail Root

The nail root which serves as the power house and also an important part of the nail structures contains white crescent edges known as the nail lunula.

The root portion lies below the skin, underneath the skin and with tiny branches that stretches across the finger.

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Nail Bed

The nail bed is known to contain a lot of blood vessels, nerves and melanocytes which extends from the edge to hyponychium.

Nail plate

This are the visible parts of the nails otherwise called the finger nails.

These plate contains Keratin and sits comfortably on the nail bed with the help of specialized structure known as groove which then act as a anchor to the nail bed.


The eponychium otherwise called Cuticle sits between the skin of the finger and that of the nail plate.

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The cuticle helps to join the skin of the finger to that of the nail plate while acting as a protective measure.


The skin that sits onto the nail plate is referred to as the paronychium.

The paronychium is responsible for hangnails, ingrown nails etc.


The free edge found between nail plate and skin of finger tips is referred to as the Hyponychium.

In other words, the Hyponychium also serves as a protective barriers.

Other insensitive parts of the nails Worthy of mentione are as follows

  • Free edge
  • Nail body
  • Nail wall
  • Lunula
  • Mantle
  • Nail grooves

Free edge : The free edge is the part that extends past the skin

Nail body : This is the visible parts of the human nail which can be seen with the naked eyes.

Read Also : What Is Nail Care And It’s Importance

Nail wall : The nail wall is the soft skin found on both part of the nail.

Lunula : This is the whitened half-moon found in nails

Mantle : The function of mantle in to hold roots and matrix tightly together. In other words, they bond roots and matrix.

Nail grooves : The nail grooves is the part that nails slide on.

Nails Implement Or Nail Care Kit

What is implements in nail care?

Nails Anatomy, Nail Structures, Nail Growth And Patterns

Nails Anatomy, Nail Structures, Nail Growth And Patterns

Nails implement in nail care are set of tools whose work is to take care of delicate procedures and to achieve optimum manicure and pedicure work.

Read Also : Nail Care For Seniors Or The Elderly

Tools commonly used to achieve this are as follows

  • Nail Cuticle pusher : This tool is used to push loosened cuticle back.
  • Callous remover : The work of this tool is to strip off excesses callouses and corns.
  • Cuticle nipper : This tool is used to cut excess cuticle
  • Nail Filer : This tool is used to file nails after manicure or pedicure. The reason for this is to have uniform growth rate in nails.
  • Nail clippers : As the name implies, nail clippers are used to clip nails.

Read Also : What Does Nail Biting Mean?

How do you maintain or sterilize nail implements?

If you must maintain a healthy looking nails, then you must learn how to maintain your nail implement the right way.

To do this , follow the procedures below.

  1. After use, make sure you to clean all your nail implement (clippers, fillers, nippers, pushers etc)
  2. Make sure to wipe all of these nail implement and be sure they’re are free from any hanging debris.
  3. Also wash nail implements with soap and water after which you disinfect with disinfectant like alcohol or dettol.
  4. Store in a cool dry place, be sure where you’re keeping them its free from moisture as this might contaminate them.


If you must grow an healthy looking nails in 2019, then you must understand the basis of Nail anatomy, its structures and patterns with which this growth follows.

as it is rightly written, nails contains some basic parts, this parts should be taken good care of because once any of them is damaged, getting that dream nail of yours will seems like a futile journey.

However, in case of severe damage to any of the parts, it is recommended to see a Dermatologist for possible prescription.

Furthermore, care should be taken to avoid getting contaminated from unsterilized nail implement. be sure to clean and sterilized nail implement before and after use.